Nastavna baza Medicinskog fakulteta Sveučilišta J.J. Strossmayera Osijek

Thermal mineral water

Natural mineral water started flowing underground 35,000 years ago. Protected from all pollutants and rich in minerals, it is ideal for your health and well-being. Many world experts have studied invigorating properties of this water, which has been used since ancient times for therapeutic purposes.

It is believed that the ancient Romans knew about the advantages of the thermal water from Lipik. But, it was first mentioned in written documents in the 16th century. The Lipik Sanatorium was mentioned as far back as 1517, under the name of “Lipik springs”.

The second half of the 19th century brought a professional and serious approach to thermal waters of Lipik. It was then that a well Count’s spring (Grofovo vrelo) was drilled by hand. Mineral water from the Count’s spring rises from the depth of almost 300 meters, with a temperature of 64˚C. It contains mostly fluorine, sodium, calcium, potassium and hydrogen carbonate.

In 2010, a balneo-chemical analysis was performed in the laboratory of the Division of Water Analysis of the School of Public Health “Andrija Štampar”. According to the analysts Damir Andabak and Radovan Čepelak (Table 1), the tested water is mineral, high in fluorine, sodium, hydrogen carbohydrate and chlorine, and it has hyperthermic characteristics.

As such, it has strong balneological properties because of its temperature, amount of fluoride and content of the dominant ions: sodium, hydrogen carbonate and chlorine.

Other than being used for bathing purposes, because of its medicinal properties the water from Lipik is also used for drinking. The first mention of the bottled mineral water dates from 1876. At that time, there were three springs: "Antunovo", "Grofovo" and "Ivanovo vrelo" (Antun’s, Count’s and Ivan’s spring).

Until the World War I, Lipik was a famous European thermal bathhouse and a sanatorium, and the mineral water was sold on the market until 1918 under the names "Lipiker thermalquelle" and "Lipiki hevviz".

In 1920, two types of bottled water from Lipik entered the market: "Lipička alkalna jodna ljekovita voda"(Alkaline ionised medicinal water from Lipik) – filled in 1l bottles and "Lipička alkalna jodna stolna voda" (Alkaline ionised water from Lipik) - filled in 1,4l & 0,5l bottles. In 1940, the water is called "Alaklična jodna stolna voda"(Alkaline ionised water). Stagnation occurred after the World War I, with a new prospering starting at the end of 1930s. The bottling of water started again in 1950s.

After the World War II, the mineral water was bottled under the name "Narodno lječilište Lipik - alkalično jodna stolna voda"(Public Sanatorium Lipik - Alkaline ionised water), and after that "Banja Lipik - osvježavajuća alkalično jodna stolna voda" (Lipik spa – Refreshing alkaline ionised water).

In 1968 Studenac was known as "Mineralna stolna voda - Lipika"(Mineral water – Lipika) and it was bottled by the company Osječanka. The mineral water filling station became part of Podravka in 1970 and the name "Prirodna mineralna voda"(Natural mineral water) and "Lipički studenac" (Lipik spring) were created in 1973. Two years after that, two new natural water springs emerged, and a new factory was built in 1980. Mineral water got its name "Studenac"(Spring) in 1998, which it has kept until the present day.

During the War for Independence, the water filling station was mostly destroyed, but already in the second half of June 1992, it opened as the first renovated factory on the free territory of the Republic of Croatia. From June 1992 until the end of September 1993, Lipički studenac was the only locally produced natural mineral water on the Croatian market.